1702-Queen Anne's War

The Connecticut colony was only indirectly affected by Queen Anne's War.

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Queen Anne's War (1702-13) corresponds to the War of the Spanish Succession. The frontier was again the scene of many bloody battles; the French and Indian raid (1704) on Deerfield, Mass., was especially notable. Another British attempt to take Quebec, this time by naval attack, failed. Port Royal, and with it Acadia, fell (1710) to an expedition under Francis Nicholson and was confirmed to the British in the Peace of Utrecht, as were Newfoundland and the fur-trading posts about Hudson Bay.

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Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), the second of the French and Indian Wars, began May 4, 1702. In Europe it was known as the War of the Spanish Succession. The Grand Alliance (England, the League of Augsburg, Denmark, Portugal, and the Netherlands) declared war on France and Spain to prevent union of the French and Spanish thrones following the death of King Charles II of Spain. In North America British and French colonial forces, with their Indian allies, raided and attempted to capture a number of border settlements. New England colonists successfully attacked the French settlements of Minas and Beaubassin in Nova Scotia in July 1704, while the French destroyed Deerfield, Massachusetts, in February and took the English colony of Bonavista on Newfoundland in August. The most notable colonial success was the British capture of Port Royal, Nova Scotia, on Oct. 16, 1710, following unsuccessful assaults in 1704 and 1707; however, a British naval attack on Quebec in 1711 failed. In the South, Carolina forces captured the town of St. Augustine, Florida, in September 1702, although the fort there held out. Another force wiped out all but one of fourteen missions in northwestern Florida in 1704.

Deerfield, a western outpost of Massachusetts, was attacked by a force of French and Indians, who massacred 50 men, women, and children and carried off over 100 more after burning the town to the ground. The raid was one of the bloodiest events of Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), the second of the French and Indian Wars.

Haverhill, Massachusetts was attacked and razed by the French and Indians.

Queen Anne's War was ended by the Treaty of Utrecht, which brought the War of Spanish Succession to a close in Europe. By the treaty France ceded the Hudson Bay territory, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia to Great Britain. France also agreed to a British protectorate over the Iroquois Indians. France kept Cape Breton Island and the islands of the St. Lawrence.

The Connecticut colony was only indirectly affected by Queen Anne's War

1702 Bibliography