HISTORY: La Salle claims Louisiana territory for France and takes possession of Mississippi Valley; Turks begin siege of Vienna; Dutch traders admitted to Canton; Manchus conquer Formosa; Bermudas become crown colony; Charles II of England dies, succeeded by his brother James II; French annex Madagascar; Parliament confirms abdication of James II, William and Mary proclaimed King and Queen; Peter the Great becomes Czar of Russia.

ARTS: John Bunyan: "The Pilgrim's Progress"

SCIENCE/GROWTH: Wild boars become extinct in Great Britain; Siamese embassy arrives at court of Louis XIV at Versailles; First French settlers in Texas; French Huguenots begin silk manufacture in Great Britain; First French settlers in Arkansas; University of Bologna founded; London underwriters begin meeting regularly at Lloyd's Coffee House; Plate glass being cast for first time; Calcutta founded.